The Innovation Potential of Second-generation Quantum Technologies

The National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech) has published in June 2020 an acatech IMPULSE paper on quantum technologies. This paper summarises the most important scientific and economic trends in relation to second-generation quantum technologies and provides an overview of the associated innovation potential and challenges for Germany and elsewhere.

The recently published acatech HORIZONTE Quantentechnologien explains the „Quantessenz“ (December 2020, only in German).


Germany is playing a key role in shaping the second quantum revolution and supports education and research initiatives with multiple programs. For more information check the BMBF websites on quantum technology .

The Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) has also published (June 2019) the broschure Quantum technologies – from basic research to market

The Future is Quantum

The Quantum Flagship was launched in 2018 as one of the largest and most ambitious research initiatives of the European Union. With a budget of at least €1 billion and a duration of 10 years, the flagship brings together research institutions, academia, industry, enterprises, and policy makers, in a joint and collaborative initiative on an unprecedented scale.

EU flagship initiative Quantum Technologies 

Quantum Manifesto

The importance and the enormous potential of quantum technology for the European economy and society has been emphasized in the Quantum Manifesto. The Manifesto was officially released on 17-18 May 2016 at the Quantum Europe Conference in Amsterdam. A European team of leading quantum scientists coordinated by Tommaso Calarco (IQST Director, 2014 - 2018) has been working on the Quantum Manifesto at the request of the EU Commissioner Günther Oettinger. In the Manifesto the scientists strongly call for a common strategy for Europe to stay at the forefront of the second Quantum Revolution. Following the recommendation made by the Quantum Manifesto, the EU Commission has announced its plan to launch a 3rd flagship on quantum technologies with a budget of 1 billion euro (EU Press Release).

In 2015 IQST  board member  Wolfgang Schleich (UUlm) has coordinated  the paper Quantum technology: From research to application under the leadership of the "German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina" that also contributed to the foundation of the flagship initiative. Quantum technology programs already exist in several individual European Union countries such as in the Netherlands or in GB. High-profile US companies such as Microsoft, Google, IBM, Intel are investing in the development of quantum technologies. 

Fields of QT Applications:

The developments in the leading areas of quantum technologies can be expected to produce transformative applications with real practical impact on society. The applications are described in more detail in the Quantum Manifesto.            

  • Quantum Computation
  • Quantum Communication
  • Quantum Simulation
  • Quantum Sensing
  • Quantum Imaging
  • Quantum Metrology
  • Quantum Software